BLACK ROCKERS UNITED

WE ROCK TOGETHER. BLACK ROCK MATTERS.

       

BLUES 

This compilation playlist captures our roots

in an ancestral timeline.

Learn about great vanguards

Charley Patton, Sister Rosetta Tharpe and

Robert Johnson to Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley.

Black History Month Playlist

March/Women's History Month Black Rock-Her Playlist

TIMELINE

1500's-1860's


There are the diasporic blues ancestors:

Senegambia's gambere and Mali's kora,

 algaita (West Africa, the Sahara),

tonal talking drums over 12.5 million

square miles of our homeland.

There are 136 or so songs which were

collected during/after the Civil War:

fifes, fiddles, mandolins, violins all

present like an ancient African ensemble.

1880's-2020 (1885-2018)

Charley Patton was born sometime

in either April, 1887 or 1891.

Birth records were not official till 1912

in his home state, Mississippi.

Ma Rainey's certificate has a similar gap between years.

This modern tradition/musical anthology can

be followed 130 years to him, anyway.

Robert Johnson, Howlin' Wolf, Muddy Waters,

Son House and John Lee Hooker found

their own creative stride in a fantastic

Patton Delta-style emulation.

The rich blues history blows our mind.

Charley's parents Annie and Bill hoped

for a higher income through those

tough Reconstruction days.

His relatives eventually entered foreman

careers, and young Charley entertained picnics

and parties on plantation grounds.

 Patton's foundational life in

Native America is often forgotten.

Indigenous American and African mixed heritage

set a specific path for anyone like Charley

in the 1880's United States.

Patton's parents claimed Afro-Indigenous ancestry.

Still, allotment wasn't possible for many Freedmen

(enslaved African-Americans by five tribes:

Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek and Seminole).

Non-Black land ownership mirrored slavery's

blueprint throughout the Civil War.

And blues blossomed as a therapeutic expression

of the soul: why we call the genre its name.

Patton's raw, elegant guitar skill originated

with Henry Sloan.

They're a semi-mysterious blues legend.

Patton and Sloan were both born in Hinds County,

and became blues-brothers at Dockery Farms.

Charley Patton played with Henry Sloan around 1905,

who produced ZERO surviving records.

We hear what others recall through sound themselves.

Afro-Diaspora does this interpolation/sampling all the time.

Patton has 57 gorgeous tracks, however, from 1929-1934.

Papa Charlie Jackson's earlier years are vague like

many blues legends, but he made his mark in 1910.

1900's Chicago became a hub for all Black music

as we left the South for a life elsewhere.

He played a six-string guitar excellently with a banjo frame.

Prolific producer J Mayo 'Ink' Williams brought him

to Paramount Records, 1924.

The rest is history!

Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter famously

mastered music on a professional level by 14.

Woody Guthrie called him "America's folk singer".

Lead Belly learned a band's worth:  an accordion,

the guitar ("Stella"), mandolin AND piano too!

Lead Belly's incredible ear for music and long

discography is essential blues knowledge.

African-American work songs like

"Rock Island Line" (Arkansas prison

crew) and "Take This Hammer" are just two!

Blind Lemon Jefferson was a Texas-born bluesman

who scattered the formative seeds across the world.

He was a travelling musician with Lead Belly!

Blind Lemon is known for performing folk-blues with

a free-flowing, rhythmic guitar style.

He needed guides to navigate daily life.

This is how "Lightnin'" Hopkins and T-Bone Walker

developed into master musicians.

'Ink' Williams once again reached out,

and Jefferson released 'Black Snake Moan',

'Black Horse Blues' and more under Paramount.

"Queen of the Blues"

Her early life centered in Walls, Mississippi.

Home was on the road for Memphis Minnie by then.

She reached Beale Street, the famous blues hub,

and rocked shows with other rising stars:

"Little" Willie Brown who called her

"the guitar king", and Willie Moore!

Both young guitarists travelled with Delta blues legend

Son House at the time (Mississippi Encyclopedia).

Memphis Minnie recorded timeless tracks like

" Me and My Chauffeur Blues", "Bumble Bee Blues",

and "When the Levee Breaks" for

Columbia, Parkway and Chess Records.

Yes, Led Zeppelin paid homage to

Memphis Minnie years later!

Big Joe Williams was born in 1903

and is a Delta Blues hero.

His first recordings included 'German Blues'

with the Birmingham Jug Band, 'Stack O' Dollars'

and '49 Highway Blues', which

Robert Johnson later modified.

Big Joe's vibrant vocals and fresh riffs

invigorate you every time.

He played over 30 decades and touched

so many Black artists with his spirit.

Big Joe Williams gave us blues and much more.

Of course, Howlin' Wolf is unforgettable.

No blues timeline is complete without him:

Chester Arthur Burnett, a tough adolescent

with a gift we are still appreciating for 110 years.

Wolf reconciled parental ties

near Dockery Farms in 1928.

Papa bought him a new guitar, and destiny decided the rest.

Charley Patton happily ushered Howlin' Wolf into his care.

He instructed him well about stage presence,

musicianship, multiple songs like

"Pony Blues"! (Blues Trail)

'Smokestack Lightnin' is forever a blues

anthem to remember.

Robert Johnson was first named Robert Majors

when Mama sent him to Memphis, Tennessee.

☆#BRU Spotlight ☆

Blues had always been his gift;

the youth just needed an outlet.

Juke joints, local bars, any local haunt was

where he heard and emulated blues guitar.

His marriage ended abruptly to adolescent

Virginia when she and their child passed away.

Robert decided to live to the fullest for them.

He jammed alongside Son House circa 1930

(though his guitar was a 'racket' for a while).

Johnson met Johnny Shines, released

evergreen hits "Cross Road Blues" plus

"Sweet Home Chicago" and more..

Those infamous crossroads were here:

Clarksdale, Mississippi, Highway 49 and 61.

This is a major blues birthplace!

 Robert Johnson and Don Law collaborated via American

Record Corporation, later Columbia Records!

The Dallas and San Antonio Sessions echo as eternal

blueprints: a bluesman's mark on rock and roll.

There are two great documentaries about

#BRU pioneer Robert Johnson:

Can't You Hear The Wind Howl? (1997)

and Netflix's ReMastered: Devil at

the Crossroads (2019).

Johnny Shines, Honeyboy Edwards, Danny

Glover, Eric Clapton, multiple artists

honor Johnson's influence on modern

sound so it is worth a viewing!

The Culture Rock Griot had a phenomenal

talk with Robert Johnson's grandson,

Steven in #BlackAugust.

And we cannot forget the glorious

Sister Rosetta Tharpe: our matriarch,

ancestor of all Black rockers.

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